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Today's Panchang is a Panchang reading of the auspicious mahurat in a day. Panchang or Panchangam is a Hindu calendar that Indians use to look at panchang so as to figure out the right time to start any new job, venture, business or any special occasion. It is essential to know the ideal time according to the good nakshatras and planetary alignments before beginning any new work or making important life-changing decisions.

AstroKaka provides you with few special Mahurats that are characterized for a specific day to assist you in finding that perfect and precise time to initiate your plans or decisions.

Based on astronomy, the Hindu calendar consists of twelve months just like the English calendar. It contains 30 Tithis in a lunar month with two Pakshas (fortnight or a lunar phase in a month), specifically Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha. It is also called ‘Almanac’ or 'Chronicle', which is a yearly calendar. Before understanding how to check Today's Panchang or Daily Panchang, we should understand what Panchang is first.

What is Panchangam?

A Vedic Calendar, Panchang comprises of ‘Five Limbs’.

It is basically a process of getting a tabular form time value. It is made of two words derived from 'Panchangam' (a Sanskrit word) - 'Panch' and 'Ang' – ‘Panch’ denotes 'Five' and 'Ang' denotes 'Limbs' and hence ‘Five Limbs’. The five limbs are Tithi, Nakshatra, Karana, Vaar, and Yog. Vedic Astrology is basically segregated into five crucial parts, which is known as Panchang. Today's Panchang is a subset of the main Panchang.

It is used by astrologers to chalk out the auspicious time to initiate any new work. It is intended for use to predict a birth or natal chart. It's been known by different names in different regions of India.

Panchang is also based on the readings of the Nakshatras in the sky.

How is Today's Panchang Calculated?

Today's Panchangam is a table that provides you with the precise auspicious time (From hour to the second)to begin any task. It is in a plain tabular format containing significant dates and times in it. These dates are orchestrated in a way so that every single mahurat can be checked easily. These are based on astronomical and astrological facts about the Nakshatras, planet movements and their arrangement in a certain constellation (nakshatra) and astrological sign (sun sign).

The estimation to find that precise auspicious time (mahurat) is to discover the exact position of the moon in a certain constellation (nakshatra) or identify what the situation of planet moon is in a certain constellation (nakshatra) in your natal chart. Different things are considered while observing the day’s panchang– these are the planetary position or movement, position of the constellations (nakshatra) at a specific degree in a certain sign.

How these alignments influence an individual’s life at a certain timeframe?

Every second, millisecond matters and the science of Panchang is to identify that precise and exact time by meticulously examining the day’s Panchangam.

While determining or examining a panchang, we have to first understand astrology’s sidereal side so as to get an idea about the exact movement or position of universal masses in a certain constellation (nakshatra) or sign. It includes much more than numerical figuring and ideal understanding of the astronomical phenomenon.

Today's Panchang is used to ascertain the ‘five limbs’ - nakshatra, tithi, vaar, yog, and Karana of a specific day of all seven days. It is also used to locate an auspicious mahurat on that specific day. The daily Panchang can be used to check the specific auspicious time for getting married, entering a new home (griha pravesh), starting of any new project, venture or job and so forth.

The day’s panchang can give you a precise idea of the specific timing of the day to begin any project, task or new job. It can give you the right time to take medications to improve health and well-being. By doing that, you can do away with the disease easily and at the earliest.

Ephemeris can be used to check the precise timing. This is a form of celestial and astronomical navigation that gives the trajectory of the naturally-occurring astronomical components and artificial satellites- their position over time (along with velocity as well.)

It can give you the month-to-month panchang including significant dates and times. Hindu festivals are also based on the Panchang reading or the positioning of the moon in a certain nakshatra (constellation) and sign.

What are the five sections (limbs) of today's panchang?

Elaborating on the 5 limbs of panchang- it has 30 tithis that comprise of15 Shukla Pakshas and 15 Krishna Pakshas, respectively. It has also 12 months like the Gregorian calendar. The count for panchang is based on the Sun and Moon’s movements in the sky in a certain sign and nakshatra (star; constellation). At the point when the moon enters a certain nakshatra during a full-moon night (poornima), the next month of the year begins.

How about we understand the five limbs of Panchang better?

Tithi (Date)

In Vedic astrology, there are two pakshas characterized. First paksha is the Shukla Paksha or the Bright-Half and the second paksha is the Krishna Paskha or the Dark-Half. Both pakshas have 15 tithis each, as per Vedic astrology. If the moon completes a 12 degree in a certain sign, at that point it will counted as one tithi of a specific month. Tithis are classified into 5 types as per the Vedic astrology namely; Bhadra, Nanda, Rikta, Poorna and Jaya.

Vaar (Day)

The difference of time between a sunrise to the next sunrise is known as the 'Vaar’ or ‘Day' of all seven days. They are numbered as seven according to what we will be describing further.

Yog (Summation)

Yog is defined by the synopsis of the Longitude of the Moon and the Sun isolated by 13 degree and 20 minutes. Yog, by itself, gives the connotation of the sum of two or more than two things. There are a total of 27 Yogs characterized in the Vedic Astrology.

Karana (Based on Tithi or Lunar Day)

Karana is measured as half of Tithis. Hence, if there are 30 tithis then there will be 60 Karanas numbered in a month. Karanas are of two types: Fixed and Variable (Versatile).

There are 4 Fixed Karanas: Chatuspad, Shakuni, Kitughna and Naag

There are 7 Variable Karanas: Balav, Baav, Gara, Kaulav, Tatilia, Vishti, and Vaanij

Nakshatras (Constellations)

There are a total of twenty-seven (27) constellations (nakshatras) in Astronomy and Astrology. It is also known as the ‘Constellations’ or‘Stars’.

The twenty-seven (27) nakshatras are Ashwini, Ashlesha, Ardra, Anuradha, Bharani, Chitra, Dhanistha, Hasta, Jyeshtha, Krittika, Magha, Mrigshira, Mula, Punarvasu, Pushya, Poorva Ashada, Poorva Phalguni, Poorva Bhadrapad, Revati, Rohini, Swati, Shatbisha, Shravan, Uttar Ashada, Uttar Bhadrapad, Uttar Phalguni, and Vishakha.

Name of Days in the Daily Panchang

There are 30 days characterized in a month and seven days characterized in a week as per the Hindu Vedic Astrology. The following are the names of months, tithis and days characterized according to the Hindu vedic calendar:

Month Names:

Tithi Names

Shukla Paksha (Bright-Half)

Krishna Paksha (Dark-Half)

Name of Days:

Ruled by the Sun – Ravivaar; Sunday

Ruled by the Moon – Somvaar; Monday

Ruled by Planet Mars – Mangalvaar; Tuesday

Ruled by Planet Mercury – Buddhwaar; Wednesday

Ruled by Planet Jupiter – Guruvaar; Thursday

Ruled by Planet Venus – Shukravaar; Friday

Ruled by Planet Saturn – Shanivaar; Saturday

What is the Significance of Panchang?

As AstroKaka has just described what a Panchang comprises of and its significance in Indian Vedic Astrology, let’s now understand its significance in our everyday life and daily activities:

Subsequently,it is essential to check the daily panchang and get notified of the auspicious time and moment for your own good and benefit. It is always a good move to start any new pursuit as per your birth constellation (nakshatra) that will be fulfilled and give you positive results in future.